General FAQ’s about Title IX and Sexual Assault
What Is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 states that: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
The Title IX policy at TCNJ prohibits Physical Sexual Misconduct and any Sexual Penetration, however slight, of a person without that person’s Effective Consent. The policy also prohibits against any intentional, non-consensual Sexual Contact with an intimate body part of another, or forcing another to have Sexual Contact with an intimate body part of oneself or another, with any object or body part, or any disrobing of another without Effective Consent.
“Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The principal objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of federal money to support sex discrimination in education programs and to provide individual citizens effective protection against those practices. Title IX applies, with a few specific exceptions, to all aspects of federally funded education programs or activities. In addition to traditional educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and elementary and secondary schools, Title IX also applies to any education or training program operated by a recipient of federal financial assistance…The Title IX common rule published on August 30, 2000 covers education program providers/recipients that are funded by other federal agencies.” –The United States Department of Justice
Who Can Be A Perpetrator Of Sexual Assault?
Men or women may be the perpetrators of sexual assault. The perpetrator may be a stranger, an acquaintance, a lover, a partner, or a date. Most of the time the perpetrator of the assault is someone the victim knows, either a boyfriend, girlfriend, husband, other relative, or acquaintance.
Who Can Be A Victim Of Sexual Assault?
Anyone can be a victim of sexual assault regardless of age, gender, race, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status. Although it is more common for women to be victims, approximately 1 out of 10 men have been sexually assaulted at some point in their lifetime.
What Are Common Reaction Of Sexual Assault Survivors?
It is normal for survivors to experience a range of feelings after a sexual assault, and all survivors will react to the incident in their own way. One survivor may feel intense anger and even have feelings of revenge, while another may feel numb. Below are some of the common types of reactions survivors might have:
- Disbelief, numbness, or shock
- Shame, guilt, or self-blame
- Anxiety, depression, or anger
- Confusion or helplessness
- Fear or lack of safety
- Difficulty concentrating
- Appetite changes
- Sleeping pattern changes
- Aches and pains in the body
As a friend, you may notice:
- Acting secretively
- Isolating her/himself
- Missing classes or appointments
- Using alcohol or drugs as a way to cope
What Can Be Done To Minimize The Risk Of Sexual Assault?
Sexual violence, dating violence, and stalking is never the victim’s fault. The tips outlined below are offered in the hope that recognizing patterns can help men and women to reduce the risk of victimization and assault.
- Look out for friends. Share your class and social schedule with them, and be sure your family has their contact information.
- Stay in groups. Go to parties together, stay together, and leave together. Don’t be alone with someone you don’t know or trust.
- Don’t leave your drink unattended or accept a drink from someone you don’t know. Protect your drinks from being spiked with a predatory or “date rape” drug.
- Know where emergency phones are located, which campus paths are best lit, and where people hang out. Call Campus Police Services for an escort at night and avoid shortcuts.
- If drinking might have impaired your judgment (or your partner’s), say “No” for now; you can always reconsider tomorrow.
- Know your sexual desires and limits.
- Communicate your limits firmly and directly. If you want to stop, say “Stop,” and say it like you mean it. Be clear and be firm, in body language as well as words.
- If you feel uncomfortable in a situation, trust your feelings and act on them.
- If you are afraid to say “No,” say you have to go to the bathroom. Then leave and call for help. Your safety is most important!